Time and Earth Creation

By A Taha, PhD

London, United Kingdom

18 August 2016

Quran states that Earth was created in two days. Quran refers to the two days in Ayah (41.9). The two days represents 1/3 of the Universe’s six days in Ayahs (7.54 and 11.7) which makes it 4.6 billion Earth years (13.8 billion x 1/3 = 4.6 biilion); a figure that tally with most current estimates based on geological and other data. The Six Throne Days have been postulated to equal 15.75  billion Earth years as the universe total age out of which 13.8 billion Earth years have expired (see separate Article on this web site titled “The Six Days”).

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A list of Important Dates in Earth History is provided that contains the dates of the events shown on a clock. This schematic shows if 4.6 billion years is pretended to be only 60 minutes then modern man has only lived on Earth for a tiny fraction of the last second, as shown on the top [22]

Ayah (41.10) that follows (41.9) is fascinating to say the least. This Ayah (41.10) says God ordained (or: calculated/measured/appointed) Earth provisions (or: means of sustenance) in four days which is twice Earth’s two days and 2/3 of the Universe’s six days. The four days correspond to 9.2 billion Earth years which is nearly twice the age of the Solar System itself. How can this be?

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Quran Ayah (41.9)

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Quran Ayah (41.10)

 

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The surface of the Earth provides a place for the human beings, animals , plants to live as the life evolved from bacteria and virus more than 4.6 billion years ago [23]

The nebular hypothesis (a theory originally developed by Immanuel Kan in 1755 and subsequently developed by a variety of scientific disciplines including astronomy, physics, geology, and planetary science) is the most widely accepted model in the field of cosmogony to explain the formation and evolution of the solar system. It suggests that the solar system formed from “nebulous material”. That is the formation of the solar system began much more than 4.6 billion years ago with the gravitational collapse of a small part of a “giant molecular cloud”. Most of the collapsing mass collected in the center, forming the Sun, while the rest flattened into a protoplanetary disk out of which Earth, the other planets, moons, asteroids, and other small Solar System bodies formed. In other words, previous generations of stars lived and died, injecting heavy elements into the interstellar medium out of which the solar system formed. The solar system could have been formed in “an Orion nebula” like star-forming region where the most massive stars are formed. After formation they then lived their lives, died, and exploded in supernova.

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NASA Orion Nebula – Great Nebula in Orion [24]

That supernova triggered the formation of our solar system. This would mean that all matter that makes up our solar system and planets, including Earth, was once ejected by supernova explosions long time ago before the formation of Earth itself. This makes Quran Ayah (41.10) fascinatingly comprehensible and in harmony with Ayah (41.9).

Referenced Quran Ayahs

Approximate translations to English of Quran Ayahs cited in this Article;

(7.54)        Your Lord is the one God, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then mounted He the Throne (assumed all authority). The night overtakes the day, as it pursues it persistently, and the sun, the moon, and the stars are committed to serve by His command. Absolutely, He controls all creation and all commands. Most Exalted is God, Lord of the Worlds.

(11.7)       He is the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days – and His Throne was upon the water [and His (earthly) domain was completely covered with water] – in order to test you, to distinguish those among you who work righteousness. Yet, when you say, “You will be resurrected after death,” those who disbelieve would say, “This is clearly witchcraft.”

(41:9)        Say, “You disbelieve in the One who created the earth in two days, and you set up idols to rank with Him, though He is Lord of the universe.”

(41:10)      He placed on it stabilizers (mountains), made it productive, and He calculated its provisions in four days, to satisfy the needs of all its inhabitants.

Note on Citations from the Quran

A number of Quran Ayahs have been cited in this Article. Each of the cited Ayahs is preceded by a numerical code within two brackets; for example: (9.36) refers to Ayah Number 36 in Surah number 9. Ideally, the readers who know Arabic would refer directly to the original Quran in Arabic. Quran translation to any other language has always been difficult, even though many attempts have already been made. In 1982-84, a Quran Complex was established by Saudi Arabia government, named after King Fahd. This Quran Complex outlines Quran translation difficulties into English, considers all translations to be translations to the “meanings” or “interpretations” of the Quran and denotes own Quran translations as “Translations of the Meanings of the Quran”.

 

By A Taha, PhD

London, United Kingdom

18 August 2016

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